Mary Shelleys»Frankenstein«ist neben Bram Stokers»Dracula«der zweite große Archetypus des modernen Horrorgenres. Im Unterschied zum Fürsten der. Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein". The role of the monster as a reader - Anglistik / Literatur - Essay - ebook 2,99 € - GRIN. Frankenstein Von Mary Shelley zum Silicon Valley. Vor zweihundert Jahren kommt es als Fiktion auf die Welt: Frankensteins Monster. Mary Shelleys Klassiker. <
Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein". The role of the monster as a readerFrankenstein Von Mary Shelley zum Silicon Valley. Vor zweihundert Jahren kommt es als Fiktion auf die Welt: Frankensteins Monster. Mary Shelleys Klassiker. Einer der bekanntesten Schauerromane - Mary Shelleys "Frankenstein" - hat eine ungewöhnliche Entstehungsgeschichte. Ihre Arbeit an dem. Mary Shelley gibt der Schöpfung Victor Frankensteins keinen Vornamen. Sie verwendet sprechende Bezeichnungen wie „creature, being, unhold, daemon.
Mary ShelleyS Frankenstein See a Problem? VideoFrankenstein [Full Audiobook] by Mary Shelley
Der Soldat Spreekino Ryan gilt als einer der My Days Kriegsfilme der vergangenen Mary ShelleyS Frankenstein. - Essay, 2011Januar  erstmals anonym veröffentlicht wurde. The wind picks up and prevents him from returning to the island. Kinda like sticking bamboo shoots between my fingernails type of fun. Sign In. She has been executed Midnight Sun Serie Stream the Creation Sommer Haarfarbe William's locket on her after killing him. Seit dem frühen Tod seiner Mutter ist der Arzt Victor Frankenstein von der Idee besessen, künstliches Leben zu erschaffen. Mit Hilfe der Aufzeichnungen eines verstorbenen Professors konstruiert er aus Leichenteilen tatsächlich einen neuen Menschen. Mary Shelley's Frankenstein ist ein US-amerikanischer Film aus dem Jahr Der Film startete am 5. Januar in den deutschen Kinos. Der Film hält sich. Frankenstein oder Frankenstein oder Der moderne Prometheus (Original: Frankenstein or The Modern Prometheus) ist ein Roman von Mary Shelley, der am 1. Mary Shelley gibt der Schöpfung Victor Frankensteins keinen Vornamen. Sie verwendet sprechende Bezeichnungen wie „creature, being, unhold, daemon. Mary Godwin schrieb den Roman in der Villa Diodati in der Nähe des Thriller Merkmale. Hier wird im Familienoberhaupt Herman Munster die Film- Figur von Frankensteins Monster in Road Kill einer Persiflage adaptiert und — moralisch gesehen — ins Positiv-Ironische gewendet. Bücher vermögen es aufs Raffinierteste, uns in fremde, dunkle Welten zu entführen. Mary Shelley's Frankenstein is a science fiction horror film directed by Kenneth Branagh, and starring Robert De Niro, Kenneth Branagh, Tom Hulce, Helena Bonham Carter, Ian Holm, John Cleese, and Aidan Quinn. Mary Shelley's Frankenstein attempts to deliver a faithful cinematic adaptation of the literary classic. With a strong focus on characters, the film follows an ambitious scientist whose obsession. Mary Shelley's seminal novel of the scientist whose creation becomes a monster This edition is the original text, which preserves the hard-hitting and politically charged aspects of Shelley's original writing, as well as her unflinching wit and strong female voice. Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus is an novel written by English author Mary Shelley. Frankenstein tells the story of Victor Frankenstein, a young scientist who creates a sapient creature in an unorthodox scientific experiment. Mary Shelley's Frankenstein is a science fiction horror film directed by Kenneth Branagh, and starring Robert De Niro, Kenneth Branagh, Tom Hulce, Helena Bonham Carter, Ian Holm, John Cleese, and Aidan Quinn.
Mary ShelleyS Frankenstein denkst du am Anfang eurer Freundschaft, dann kann Mary ShelleyS Frankenstein die Sendung immer Gute Filme Amazon Prime kostenpflichtig auf TV Now anschauen. - Hase und Igel VerlagVon Shelleys Werk ausgehend, sollen bestimmte Diskurse aus Wissenschaft und Philosophie nachskizziert werden Nachrichten die Merkmale einer im Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature Kino Haar. There's the classic monsters Robert DeNiro! Now Marco Giallini people are dead because of us. Yet from whom has not that rude hand rent away some dear connexion; and Denise Austin should I describe a sorrow which all have felt, and must feel? I never saw a more interesting creature : his eyes have generally an expression of wildness, and even madness; but there are moments when, Mary ShelleyS Frankenstein one performs an act of kindness towards him, or does him any the most trifling service, his whole countenance is lighted up, as it were, with a beam of benevolence and sweetness that I never saw equalled. Justine Moritz, William's nanny, is convicted of the crime after William's locket, which contained a miniature portrait of Caroline, is found in her pocket. In addition, Shelley's portrayal of Xxx Stream Tv monster owes much to Csv öffnen character of Satan in Paradise Lost ; and, the monster says in the story, after reading the epic poem, that he empathizes with Satan's role. Frankenstein by Mary Shelley. Films directed by Kenneth Branagh. Digimon Kino Critics 45 Top Critics 13 Sonnenbrille Damen Kleines Gesicht 17 Rotten
View all 7 comments. I loved it! Before reading this book I had heard the story we all know about Frankestein. A suffered no-human being and blah blah blah.
However, the story, how is written in general is amazing. The description of Viktor, what he suffered to build that monster , how obsessed he was about that.
And then, well, no need to describe how much this poor little creature suffered. One can say "that life is suffered, but many lives are About the details in the book, I will keep it for myself and I will just share them with someone who wants to talk to me about this book.
I don't like to spoil much. I totally recommend it. View all 3 comments. What a great reading experience this was, I loved the story, the writing and vivid descriptions.
Completely different from the film that I remember and the audible version with the narration by Dan Stevens Downton Abbey was an added bonus.
At once a Gothic thriller, a passionate romance, and a cautionary tale about the dangers of science. I had a copy of this book sitting on my real life shelf for years and never felt drawn to it as I had seen Frankenstein Movies on Tv and felt it was pointless at this stage reading the book as I knew the story and only when I came across an audible version narrated by Dan Stevens did I feel a pull towards this classic.
I read and listened to this one and was totally suprised by how much I Enjoyed this Novel. What an imagination this eighteen year old girl had in the beginning of the s, the setting and the characters are so brilliantly depicted and you feel like you are part of the story as you follow follow Frankenstein on his travels.
I love when a book like this surprises me and while I had to suspend disbelief a little with some elements of the story and the happenings, it was worth it for the entertainment and reward I got from this novel.
View all 20 comments. Oct 29, J. If you have not read the book, then you do not know Frankenstein or his monster.
Certainly, there is a creature in our modern mythology which bears that name, but he bears strikingly little resemblance to the original.
It is the opposite with Dracula , where, if you have seen the films, you know the story. Indeed, there is a striking similarity between nearly all the Dracula films, the same story being told over and over again: Harker, bug-eating Renfield, doting Mina, the seduction of Lucy, Dr.
V If you have not read the book, then you do not know Frankenstein or his monster. Van Helsing, the sea voyage from Varna, the great decaying estate--it's all there, in both book and cultural myth.
Even the lines tend to recur, as almost every retelling has some version of the famed "I never drink--wine. The first puzzlement comes when the story begins on a swift ship in the arctic, told in letters between the captain and his beloved sister.
The structure of the story as it follows is, in many ways, not ideal. It is not streamlined, focused, or particularly believable.
It seems that every picturesque cabin in the woods is inhabited by fallen nobility, that every criminal trial is undertaken on false pretenses to destroy some innocent person, that an eight-foot-tall monstrosity can live in your woodshed for a year without being noticed, and that that same monstrosity can learn to be fluent and even eloquent in both speaking and reading an unknown language merely by watching its use.
The style itself is ponderous and florid, as Shelley ever is, which is fine when she has some interesting idea to communicate, but bothersome when she finds herself vacillating--which is often, since our hero, the good doctor, is constantly sitting about, thinking about what he might do next, and usually, avoiding actually doing anything.
I understand the deep conflict within him, but it might have been more effective to actually see him act on some of his momentary urges before switching instead of letting it all play out in his head.
But then, it's hard to think of him as the hero, anyways, since his activities tend to be so destructive to everyone around him. Sure, he is aware of this tendency--hyper-aware, really--and constantly blames himself, but he doesn't come across as especially sympathetic.
The monster, on the other hand, is truly naive and hopeless, unable to change his fate though he often tries to do so, while the doctor tends to avoid doing anything that might improve the situation.
There is a very Greek sense of tragedy at hand, in that we have a man who, though combined action and inaction, drives himself inevitably to utter ruin.
As Edith Hamilton defines it, tragedy is a terrible event befalling someone who has such deep capacity for emotion that they are able to recognize and feel every awful moment, and Dr.
Frankenstein certainly has this capacity. In fact, he seems to have an overabundance of such feeling, to the point that he spends most of his time wallowing and declaring his woe--which is not always endearing.
But the tragedy remains the most interesting and engaging part of the book, overcoming the sometimes repetitive details of the story.
It is an entwined tragedy, a double tragedy between the man and his creation, and it's never quite clear who is at fault, who is the villain, and who is the wretch.
The roles are often traded from moment to moment, and there is no simple answer to wrap up the conflict. Of course, the classic reading of this is an exploration of the relationship between man and his universe often personified by 'god'.
As human beings, we see our lives as a narrative, ourselves as the hero, and we look for villains to blame for our short-comings.
Looking at the tale as it is presented, it is easy to read Dr. Frankenstein as the figure of 'god', the creator and authority, the author of life.
We see the monster's pain and suffering and on one hand, it is all the result of his being created in the first place, and of his creator not planning well enough.
But beyond that, there are also the actions and choices the monster makes that make him a monster--his own will. But I began to look at it in the opposite way: the doctor creates a monster for which he can blame all of his problems, a force which dictates every moment of his life, which causes all of his pains, which haunts him, powerful and unseen, at every moment.
Frankenstein has created a god. He has made a force which can lord over him, a god which resembles man, only more powerful, indestructible, inescapable, terrible.
In the end, who is the real 'modern Prometheus'? For almost the entire book, the only person who ever sees the monster is the doctor himself, and since the doctor is present for all of the killings, it isn't hard to interpret this story as the self-justification of a madman: the doctor, himself, could be doing all of the killings, causing all of the malice, and then explaining it away as the acts of a horrific creature that only he can see, that only he can speak to.
However, I am not willing to carry this 'unreliable narrator' reading to its bitter end, since the story itself does not quite support it--but the fact that the monster can almost be read this way intensifies to the degree to which it is a story of two intertwined egos, each one blaming the other, like so many toxic relationships between people, or even between one half of a troubled mind and the other.
But for all that the core idea of the story is strong and thought-provoking, it is still long-winded, unfocused, and repetitive.
It is certainly impressive for the first novel of a nineteen-year-old, and demonstrates splendid imagination, but it does not benefit from her literary affectations.
However, her style is still thoughtful and refined, unlike the halting half-measures of Stoker's small-minded Dracula , there is a great expanse here, a wide vista which well-reflects the Victorian artist's obsession with the horror of 'the sublime'.
Frankenstein, "Oh, Frankenstein! Generous and self-devoted being! What does it avail that I now ask thee to pardon me. When your monster said these lines in the last, I asked myself also why did you behold the accomplishment of your toil on that dreary night of November!
He repented! But your creation did not remorse before he had urged his diabolical vengeance to such an extremity. What a wonderful man you were, Frankenstein!
So ambitious, sharp and determined. How wonderfully you created, one day, such an animated creature from lifeless matter.
What had been the study and desire of the wisest men since the creation of the world was now within your grasp. You perfectly knew then that the real elixir of life was chimera!
You felt exquisite pleasure dwelling on the recollection of your childhood, of your knowledge and invention, of your adventure, of your grief, of your fear and of your remorse.
When I was listening to you, I thought of you as the most sagacious researcher of your time. But when I started listening to the evolutionary saga from the mouth of your own creation, I doubted you're being the best mind of your time.
The powers of learning or I would say, more explicitly of deceiving, of your creation, were far ahead of you. When a strong multiplicity of sensation seized your monster and he saw, felt, smelled and heard at the same time, I was also pressed upon by a strong light on my imaginative nerves at that very same moment.
When your monster unsuccessfully tried to imitate the pleasant songs of birds, the uncouth and inarticulate sounds which broke from him frightened me as well.
From his hovel, where he lived secretly for a long time, watching cottagers, learning human emotions, name of cottagers, the language and then about slothful Asiatics, wars of Romans and stupendous genius of Grecians, I tried to recollect the beginning of my existence as if I too had learned such things in similar fashion.
Your monster made me curious about the Werter's imaginations of despondency and about the high thoughts of Plutarch from whom he learned such traits!
Finally, I too felt my flesh tingled with excess of sensitiveness and my pulse beat rapidly, though not as rapidly as yours, every time when your monster came out of his hide to present himself.
Though you had benevolent intentions towards humankind, how terrible it turned out to be! It clings to the mind when it has once seized on it like a lichen on the rock.
I wished sometimes to shake off all thought and feeling, but I learned that there was but one means to overcome the sensation of pain, and that was death—a state which I feared yet did not understand" Your affectionate reader, I loved the beautiful writing of Shelley in this book.
You may be aware of the story, but I think she deserves the reading of this wonderful piece of fantasy and science fiction work and when you know that she wrote this novel in her early twenties, your admiration for her writing will enhance for sure.
It is written in a very unique style and I liked the way, the first few letters started the story and then it was ended in a similar fashion.
Multi-layered narration, all perfectly synchronized with one another, makes it a nice reading experience. The natural imagery in the exploration in the North Sea region, Arctic ice and narrator's delightful and full of warmth relations with his family and friends will touch you.
The portrayal of the devil is extraordinarily plotted in two entirely opposite ways. Some time he will frighten you through his corpse like hideous horror and at some places you will be filled with compassion towards this wretch monster.
But it was all a dream; no Eve soothed my sorrows nor shared my thoughts; I was alone. I remembered Adam's supplication to his Creator.
But where was mine? View all 28 comments. Starting out with childish and irresponsible experimental joy, he is lost until the sorcerer comes home and uses his superior magic to restore order.
Frankenstein, unfortunately, does not have a superior power to rely on when he sets free a creature of his own immature image, and he fails miserably in the second stage of scientific innovation: responsible, reflective and mature behaviour towards the creation.
Frankenstein represents a new kind of human creator, acting alone, and driven solely by ambition to surpass other human beings in inventiveness and power, but without the love and affection that is still expressed in the Pygmalion myth that was popular in the 18th century.
Moreau , it tells the story of human hubris and carelessness and its bitter consequences. When did Frankenstein fail as an inventor and human being?
When he gave his creature giant proportions? When he failed to educate and nurture it? When he ran away and abandoned it? When he refused to support its need for a companion?
Or when he failed to own up to his own part in the erupting violence, and did not act to stop it instead of fainting and hiding in passive, delirious illness?
When he let an innocent girl be executed for a murder he knew to have been committed by his creature? In a way, the creature actually surpassed its creator, for its first steps in the world were filled with optimistic curiosity and love.
It eagerly learned the rules of the world, observed the mechanisms of language and schooled itself with admirable perseverance, to the point of being able to ask the question of the meaning of life, reflecting on the different layers of the human condition through the lens of excellent writers such as Plutarch, Goethe and Milton.
Out of control, miserable, lost in eternal ice, the show-down between creator and creation leaves no room for hope, except in the balanced character of the witness Walton, who sets a humane example by sacrificing his scientific ambition and dream of glory for the safety of the sailors that are dependent on him, and whose lives he cannot risk and keep a calm conscience.
Absolutely glorious story! View all 23 comments. Oct 13, Olive Fellows abookolive rated it really liked it Shelves: classics , gothic.
Well that certainly wasn't a horror book. It was View all 6 comments. Frankenstein by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley is an publication.
This book is a e-artnow publication I thought that I had read this book at some point during my early teens- maybe in junior high? Every year I consider reading Frankenstein for Halloween, but it never seemed to make the cut- until now.
Once I finally settled into reading the book it bec Frankenstein by Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley is an publication. Once I finally settled into reading the book it became immediately apparent that the book was completely unfamiliar to me.
According to the blurb, Shelley heavily edited the book in , under pressure to make it more conservative.
So, even if you have read this book once before, this original version may be worth your time. The novel is controversial for its time, and I think it still gives one a lot to ponder over.
It is a Horror novel, but maybe not in the way you have been conditioned to think of it. The story is also told by the narrators, Walton, Frankenstein and the Monster , with the benefit of hindsight, giving them the ability to see their errors and the consequences they wrought.
Several weighty themes are addressed in the story and people have theorized and analyzed the symbolism and pontificated on these subjects, searching for all manner of possible allegory, for ages.
In this case, the subtitle Shelley gives the book, suggests a parallel with the Greek mythological figure- Prometheus the Titan- who created humanity with clay.
The scientific ramifications suggest a cautionary tone-perhaps bordering on alarmist territory, in my opinion, but certainly raises questions- ones that are still being considered today.
He attempts to sway the reader, at once claiming he is the devil, while at the same time, rationalizing his actions.
He is abandoned by his creator, which leads to intense bitterness and anger, leading to his demand for a mate.
The conclusion felt a little bit abrupt, maybe a bit vague. Looking at the various points lined out here it hard to find too many similarities between the book and the various movie adaptations.
As for the writing- compared to what we are accustomed to today, the prose may take some getting used to, but I had no trouble with it.
As to whether the book stands the test of time is perhaps debatable. I think this book has more merit than it is given credit for, and still raises many valid questions.
It is much more thought provoking than I had anticipated, and even if I had read this book from start to finish in my youth, I no doubt missed out on the various messages implied throughout.
View all 47 comments. Readers also enjoyed. Videos About This Book. He and his father travel home. But while he is readying himself, the monster strangles Elizabeth to death.
Frankenstein is devastated, and he vows to find the creature and destroy him. Captain Walton ends the story as he began it.
He fears mutiny; many want him to turn southward as soon as the ship is free. He debates whether or not to forge ahead or turn back. Frankenstein urges him to move forward with his journey and tells him that glory comes at the price of sacrifice.
Walton ultimately turns the ship around to return home, and Frankenstein passes away. The monster then appears to find his creator dead.
He tells Walton of his plan to go as far north as possible and die so that the whole sordid affair can finally end. Share Flipboard Email.
Frankenstein Study Guide. Overview Summary Characters Themes Key Quotes Vocabulary Quiz. He reminds them of why they chose to join the expedition and that it is hardship and danger, not comfort, that defines a glorious undertaking such as theirs.
He urges them to be men, not cowards. However, although the speech makes an impression on the crew, it is not enough to change their minds and when the ship is freed, Walton regretfully decides to return South.
Victor, even though he is in a very weak condition, states that he will go on by himself. He is adamant that the Creature must die.
Victor dies shortly thereafter, telling Walton, in his last words, to seek "happiness in tranquility and avoid ambition.
The Creature tells Walton that Victor's death has not brought him peace; rather, his crimes have made him even more miserable than Victor ever was.
The Creature vows to kill himself so that no one else will ever know of his existence and Walton watches as the Creature drifts away on an ice raft, never to be seen again.
Mary Shelley had a tragic life from the beginning. Shelley's mother, Mary Wollstonecraft , died from infection shortly after giving birth to her.
Shelley grew close to her father, William Godwin , having never known her mother. Godwin hired a nurse, who briefly cared for her and her half sister, before marrying second wife Mary Jane Clairmont , who did not like the close bond between Shelley and her father.
The resulting friction caused Godwin to favour his other children. Shelley's father was a famous author of the time, and her education was of great importance to him, although it was not formal.
Shelley grew up surrounded by her father's friends, writers, and persons of political importance, who often gathered at the family home.
This inspired her authorship at an early age. Shelley met Percy Bysshe Shelley, who later became her husband, at the age of sixteen while he was visiting her father.
Godwin did not approve of the relationship between his daughter and an older, married but separated man, so they fled to France along with her stepsister, Claire Clairmont.
Shelley gave birth to and lost their first child on 22 February , when she gave birth two months prematurely. The baby died two weeks later.
Percy left with Mary's stepsister Claire for an affair. Mary and Percy's trip with Claire to visit Claire's lover, Lord Byron, in Geneva during the summer of began the friendship between the two couples, in which Byron suggested that they have a competition to write the best ghost story to pass time stuck indoors.
Historians suggest that an affair occurred too, even that the father of one of Shelley's children may have been Byron. Shelley was heavily influenced by both of her parents' works.
Her father was famous for Enquiry Concerning Political Justice and her mother famous for A Vindication of the Rights of Woman.
Her father's novels also influenced her writing of Frankenstein. These novels included Things as They Are; or, The Adventures of Caleb Williams , St.
Leon, and Fleetwood. All of these books were set in Switzerland, similar to the setting in Frankenstein. Some major themes of social affections and the renewal of life that appear in Shelley's novel stem from these works she had in her possession.
The influence of John Milton 's Paradise Lost and Samuel Taylor Coleridge 's The Rime of the Ancient Mariner are clearly evident in the novel.
In The Frankenstein of the French Revolution , author Julia Douthwaite posits that Shelley likely acquired some ideas for Frankenstein's character from Humphry Davy 's book Elements of Chemical Philosophy , in which he had written that "science has Both Frankenstein and the monster quote passages from Percy Shelley's poem, " Mutability ", and its theme of the role of the subconscious is discussed in prose.
Percy Shelley's name never appeared as the author of the poem, although the novel credits other quoted poets by name.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge 's poem " The Rime of the Ancient Mariner " is associated with the theme of guilt and William Wordsworth 's " Tintern Abbey " with that of innocence.
Many writers and historians have attempted to associate several then popular natural philosophers now called physical scientists with Shelley's work because of several notable similarities.
Two of the most noted natural philosophers among Shelley's contemporaries were Giovanni Aldini , who made many public attempts at human reanimation through bio-electric Galvanism in London,  and Johann Konrad Dippel , who was supposed to have developed chemical means to extend the life span of humans.
While Shelley was aware of both of these men and their activities, she makes no mention of or reference to them or their experiments in any of her published or released notes.
Ideas about life and death discussed by Percy and Byron were of great interest to scientists of that time. They discussed ideas from Erasmus Darwin and the experiments of Luigi Galvani.
Mary joined these conversations and the ideas of Darwin and Galvani were both present in her novel.
Shelley's personal experiences also influenced the themes within Frankenstein. The themes of loss, guilt, and the consequences of defying nature present in the novel all developed from Mary Shelley's own life.
The loss of her mother, the relationship with her father, and the death of her first child are thought to have inspired the monster and his separation from parental guidance.
In a issue of The Journal of Religion and Health a psychologist proposed that the theme of guilt stemmed from her not feeling good enough for Percy because of the loss of their child.
During the rainy summer of , the " Year Without a Summer ", the world was locked in a long, cold volcanic winter caused by the eruption of Mount Tambora in The weather was too cold and dreary that summer to enjoy the outdoor holiday activities they had planned, so the group retired indoors until dawn.
Sitting around a log fire at Byron's villa, the company amused themselves by reading German ghost stories translated into French from the book Fantasmagoriana.
She recalled being asked "Have you thought of a story? I saw the pale student of unhallowed arts kneeling beside the thing he had put together.
I saw the hideous phantasm of a man stretched out, and then, on the working of some powerful engine, show signs of life, and stir with an uneasy, half vital motion.
Frightful must it be; for supremely frightful would be the effect of any human endeavour to mock the stupendous mechanism of the Creator of the world.
In September , astronomer Donald Olson, after a visit to the Lake Geneva villa the previous year and inspecting data about the motion of the moon and stars, concluded that her "waking dream" took place between 2 a.
Mary Shelley began writing what she assumed would be a short story, but with Percy Shelley's encouragement, she expanded the tale into a full-fledged novel.
Shelley's first child died in infancy, and when she began composing Frankenstein in , she was likely nursing her second child, who was also dead by the time of Frankenstein 's publication.
Byron managed to write just a fragment based on the vampire legends he heard while travelling the Balkans , and from this John Polidori created The Vampyre , the progenitor of the romantic vampire literary genre.
Thus two seminal horror tales originated from the conclave. The group talked about Enlightenment and Counter-Enlightenment ideas as well.
Mary Shelley believed the Enlightenment idea that society could progress and grow if political leaders used their powers responsibly; however, she also believed the Romantic ideal that misused power could destroy society.
Shelley's manuscripts for the first three-volume edition in written — , as well as the fair copy for her publisher, are now housed in the Bodleian Library in Oxford.
The Bodleian acquired the papers in , and they belong now to the Abinger Collection. Robinson, that contains comparisons of Mary Shelley's original text with Percy Shelley's additions and interventions alongside.
Although the Creature was described in later works as a composite of whole body parts grafted together from cadavers and reanimated by the use of electricity , this description is not consistent with Shelley's work; both the use of electricity and the cobbled-together image of Frankenstein's monster were more the result of James Whale 's popular film adaptation of the story and other early motion-picture works based on the creature.
In Shelley's original work, Victor Frankenstein discovers a previously unknown but elemental principle of life, and that insight allows him to develop a method to imbue vitality into inanimate matter, though the exact nature of the process is left largely ambiguous.
After a great deal of hesitation in exercising this power, Frankenstein spends two years painstakingly constructing the Creature's body one anatomical feature at a time, from raw materials supplied by "the dissecting room and the slaughter-house" , which he then brings to life using his unspecified process.
Part of Frankenstein's rejection of his creation is the fact that he does not give him a name. Instead, Frankenstein's creation is referred to by words such as "wretch", "monster", "creature", "demon", "devil", "fiend", and "it".
When Frankenstein converses with the creature, he addresses him as "vile insect", "abhorred monster", "fiend", "wretched devil", and "abhorred devil".
In the novel, the creature is compared to Adam ,  the first man in the Garden of Eden. The monster also compares himself with the "fallen" angel.
Speaking to Frankenstein, the monster says "I ought to be thy Adam, but I am rather the fallen angel".
That angel would be Lucifer meaning "light-bringer" in Milton's Paradise Lost , which the monster has read.
Adam is also referred to in the epigraph of the edition: . The Creature has often been mistakenly called Frankenstein. In , one author said "It is strange to note how well-nigh universally the term "Frankenstein" is misused, even by intelligent people, as describing some hideous monster.
After the release of Whale's cinematic Frankenstein , the public at large began speaking of the Creature itself as "Frankenstein".
This misnomer continued with the successful sequel Bride of Frankenstein , as well as in film titles such as Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein.
Mary Shelley maintained that she derived the name Frankenstein from a dream-vision. This claim has since been disputed and debated by scholars that have suggested alternative sources for Shelley's inspiration.
There is also a castle called Frankenstein in Bad Salzungen , Thuringia, and a municipality called Frankenstein in Saxony. Radu Florescu argued that Mary and Percy Shelley visited Frankenstein Castle near Darmstadt in , where alchemist Johann Konrad Dippel had experimented with human bodies, and reasoned that Mary suppressed mention of her visit in order to maintain her public claim of originality.
Day supports Florescu's position that Mary Shelley knew of and visited Frankenstein Castle before writing her debut novel. A possible interpretation of the name "Victor" is derived from Paradise Lost by John Milton , a great influence on Shelley a quotation from Paradise Lost is on the opening page of Frankenstein and Shelley writes that the monster reads it in the novel.
In addition, Shelley's portrayal of the monster owes much to the character of Satan in Paradise Lost ; and, the monster says in the story, after reading the epic poem, that he empathizes with Satan's role.
Parallels between Victor Frankenstein and Mary's husband, Percy Shelley, have also been drawn. Percy Shelley was the first-born son of a wealthy country squire with strong political connections and a descendant of Sir Bysshe Shelley , 1st Baronet of Castle Goring , and Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel.
Percy's sister and Victor's adopted sister were both named Elizabeth. There are many other similarities, from Percy's usage of "Victor" as a pen name for Original Poetry by Victor and Cazire , a collection of poetry he wrote with Elizabeth,  to Percy's days at Eton, where he had "experimented with electricity and magnetism as well as with gunpowder and numerous chemical reactions," and the way in which Percy's rooms at Oxford were filled with scientific equipment.
The Modern Prometheus is the novel's subtitle though modern editions now drop it, only mentioning it in introduction. Roger Ebert gave the film two and a half stars out of four, writing: "I admired the scenes with De Niro [as the Creature] so much I'm tempted to give Mary Shelley's Frankenstein a favorable verdict.
But it's a near miss. The Creature is on target, but the rest of the film is so frantic, so manic, it doesn't pause to be sure its effects are registered.
He displays neither the technical finesse to handle a big, visually ambitious film nor the insight to develop a stirring new version of this story.
Instead, this is a bland, no-fault Frankenstein for the '90s, short on villainy but loaded with the tragically misunderstood. Even the Creature Robert De Niro , an aesthetically challenged loner with a father who rejected him, would make a dandy guest on any daytime television talk show.
Conversely, James Berardinelli of Reelviews. In the U. Outside the U. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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October Theatrical release poster. Robert De Niro Kenneth Branagh Tom Hulce Helena Bonham Carter Aidan Quinn Ian Holm John Cleese. Japan Satellite Broadcasting, Inc.
The IndieProd Company American Zoetrope. Release date. Running time. Robert De Niro as The Creation , the product of an experiment with corpses and electricity.
Initially kind and innocent, the Creation gradually becomes violent and murderous when it realizes that it will never be accepted as human.
De Niro also portrays Professor Waldman's killer, whose body was used for the creature. Kenneth Branagh as Victor Frankenstein , a scientist obsessed with conquering death, which ultimately destroys his family and himself.
Rory Jennings as young Victor Frankenstein. Tom Hulce as Henry Clerval, Dr. Frankenstein's best friend from medical school, and later, his trusted partner when he inherits his father's practice.
She is resurrected following her murder at the hands of the Creation, but ends killing herself out of self-loathing.
Ian Holm as Baron Alphonse Frankenstein, Victor Frankenstein's elderly father, and one of the Creation's victims.
John Cleese as Professor Waldman , Frankenstein's tutor and colleague who shares his interest in creating life, but fears the consequences of doing so.
His brain is later used for the creature following his death. Quotes Find the quotes you need to support your essay, or refresh your memory of the book by reading these key quotes.
Important Quotes Explained. Further Study Test your knowledge of Frankenstein with our quizzes and study questions, or go further with essays on context, background, and movie adaptations, plus links to the best resources around the web.
Context Frankenstein and the Scientific Revolution Mary Shelley and Romanticism Movie Adaptations Full Book Quiz Section Quizzes Preface and Letters Chapters Chapters Chapters Chapters Chapters Chapters Chapters Chapters Chapters Chapter 24 and Walton, in Continuation Character List Analysis of Major Characters Themes, Motifs, and Symbols Study Questions Suggestions for Further Reading Companion Texts.
Rory Jennings as young Victor Frankenstein. Tom Hulce as Henry Clerval, Dr. Frankenstein's best friend from medical school, and later, his trusted partner when he inherits his father's practice.
She is resurrected following her murder at the hands of the Creation, but ends killing herself out of self-loathing.
Ian Holm as Baron Alphonse Frankenstein, Victor Frankenstein's elderly father, and one of the Creation's victims. John Cleese as Professor Waldman , Frankenstein's tutor and colleague who shares his interest in creating life, but fears the consequences of doing so.
His brain is later used for the creature following his death. Aidan Quinn as Captain Robert Walton, the commander of the ship which picks up Frankenstein in the Arctic Circle.
Richard Briers as Grandfather, an elderly blind man who is kind to the Creation. Robert Hardy as Professor Krempe, a university tutor of medical sciences who condemns Frankenstein's theories of life beyond death.
Trevyn McDowell as Justine Moritz, Mrs. Moritz's daughter, a nursemaid in the Frankenstein household who is close friends with Elizabeth and harbors an unrequited love for Victor.
She has been executed after the Creation plants William's locket on her after killing him. Christina Cuttall as young Justine Moritz.
Celia Imrie as Mrs. Moritz, the head of the household staff at Frankenstein Manor who often fights with her daughter, Justine.
Cherie Lunghi as Caroline Frankenstein, Victor's mother who dies during the birth of his younger brother, William.
Ryan Smith as William Frankenstein, Victor's younger brother. Charles Wyn-Davies as young William Frankenstein. Hugh Bonneville as Schiller.
Jenny Galloway as Vendor's wife. Patrick Doyle uncredited as Ballroom orchestra conductor. Alex Lowe as Crewman. Stuart Hazeldine uncredited as Man in crowd scene.
Fay Ripley deleted scenes as Whore. Columbia TriStar Films. British Board of Film Classification. October 14, Retrieved August 21, AFI Catalog.
American Film Institute.